Art Nouveau

Art Nouveau is an international style of art, architecture, and applied art, especially the decorative arts, known in different languages by different names: Jugendstil in German, Stile Liberty in Italian, Modernisme català in Catalan, etc.

The style was most popular between 1890 and 1910. It was a reaction against the academic art, eclecticism and historicism of 19th-century architecture and decoration. It was often inspired by natural forms such as the sinuous curves of plants and flowers.  Other characteristics of Art Nouveau were a sense of dynamism and movement, often given by asymmetry or whiplash lines, and the use of modern materials, particularly iron, glass, ceramics and later concrete, to create unusual forms and larger open spaces.

One major objective of Art Nouveau was to break down the traditional distinction between fine arts (especially painting and sculpture) and applied arts. It was most widely used in interior design, graphic arts, furniture, glass art, textiles, ceramics, jewellery and metalwork. The style responded to leading 19-century theoreticians, such as French architect Eugène-Emmanuel Viollet-le-Duc (1814–1879) and British art critic John Ruskin (1819–1900). In Britain, it was influenced by William Morris and the Arts and Crafts movement. German architects and designers sought a spiritually uplifting Gesamtkunstwerk ("total work of art") that would unify the architecture, furnishings, and art in the interior in a common style, to uplift and inspire the residents.


The first Art Nouveau houses and interior decoration appeared in Brussels in the 1890s, in the architecture and interior design of houses designed by Paul Hankar, Henry van de Velde, and especially Victor Horta, whose Hôtel Tassel was completed in 1893.

 It moved quickly to Paris, where it was adapted by Hector Guimard, who saw Horta's work in Brussels and applied the style for the entrances of the new Paris Métro. It reached its peak at the 1900 Paris International Exposition, which introduced the Art Nouveau work of artists such as Louis Tiffany. It appeared in graphic arts in the posters of Alphonse Mucha, and the glassware of René Lalique and Émile Gallé.

From Belgium and France, it spread to the rest of Europe, taking on different names and characteristics in each country. It often appeared not only in capitals, but also in rapidly growing cities that wanted to establish artistic identities (Turin and Palermo in Italy; Glasgow in Scotland; Munich and Darmstadt in Germany), as well as in centres of independence movements (Helsinki in Finland, then part of the Russian Empire; Barcelona in Catalonia, Spain).

By 1914, and with the beginning of the First World War, Art Nouveau was largely exhausted. In the 1920s, it was replaced as the dominant architectural and decorative art style by Art Deco and then Modernism.

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Costume de Bain Vintage Poster

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Metamorfoze Yellow-green Vintage Poster by Jan Toorop

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La Belle Dame Sans Merci Vintage Poster

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Salon Art Nouveau Vintage Poster by Mucha

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Absinthe Art Nouveau Vintage Poster

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Play Vénise sauvée Vintage Poster by Jan Toorop

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L. Marquet ink Ad Vintage Poster by Eugène Gasset

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Reverie by Alphonse Mucha

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La Fontaine de Coquillages Vintage Poster

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Costumes Parisiens Vintage Poster

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Fallou te Paris Vintage Poster by Roedel

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Au Revoir Vintage Poster

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Voici Mes Ailes! Vintage Poster

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Korff & Co. Cocoa Brand Ad Vintage Poster by Willem Pthast

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Champagne Ruinart by Alphonse Mucha

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Les Trois Beautes de Mnasidika Vintage Poster

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La Plume by Alphonse Mucha

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Sortilèges Vintage Poster

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La Trappistine by Alphonse Mucha

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La Peinture by Alphonse Mucha

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Girl Reading by Walter Tiemann

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Metamorfoze Vintage Poster by Jan Toorop

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Salad Oil Ad Vintage Poster by Jan Toorop

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The Future is Female Vintage Poster

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L'Arbre de Science Vintage Poster

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Bieres de la Meuse by Alphonse Mucha

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The Seasons by Alphonse Mucha

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Empedocles and Panthea Vintage Poster

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La Dame aux Camelias by Alphonse Mucha Wall Hanging

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Fumée Vintage Poster

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Chocolat Ideal by Alphonse Mucha

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Chez la Marchande de Pavots Vintage Poster

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Au Lido Plate N°14 Vintage Poster

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La Samaritaine by Alphonse Mucha Wall Hanging

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The Arts Music by Alphonse Mucha

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Laissez Moi Feule Vintage Poster

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International Eucharistic Congress in Amsterdam Vintage Poster by Jan Toorop

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Metamorfoze Colored Vintage Poster by Jan Toorop

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Labor for the Women Vintage Poster by Jan Toorop

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"1896 Noel 1897" by Alphonse Mucha

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